Think about your current diet: how much cheese, milk, eggs, and factory-farmed meat do you eat? If you're vegetarian or vegan, imagine the water and energy needed to irrigate and harvest all those crops. Can these eating habits be transplanted to Mars? Can they be sustained on Earth?
On Mars, plants cannot be grown outdoors, and there won’t be any animals roaming around, at least for now. Water will be scarce. Will martian citizens be forced to import all their food from Earth? How long could you put up with instant coffee and reconstituted spaghetti?
Faced with these questions, we wrote a paper on how to achieve food self-sufficiency for one million people on Mars by producing plants, insects and clean meat (or cultured meat), drawing heavily on local resources.
You can start eating like a Martian today! Well, sort of. Clean meat products are not on grocery store shelves yet, but a host of companies are working on making it happen within 1-2 years, while others are introducing dozens of insect-based products to North America and Europe.
The “Martian Diet” offers environmental and ethical benefits over traditional Western habits: no mass suffering of caged animals, and sharp cuts in land, water, energy use, and carbon emissions.
Most plants grown on Earth can likely be grown on Mars too, either with hydroponics or in appropriately fertilized martian soil. Plants will need to be grown indoors with LED lighting, and yields can be greatly increased by ramping up CO2 and light levels. Genetic modification will be used heavily.
To eat plants like a Martian:
The table below contains links to vertical farms and other projects that let you eat plants like a martian. If you have suggestions to add, please email us: firstname.lastname@example.org.
|AeroFarms||Aeroponic vertical farms currently offering baby greens and microgreens|
|agrilution||Offers the Plantcube, an indoor mini vertical farm|
|Bowery||Vertical farm offering different greens|
|BrightFarms||Local indoor hydroponics farms offering salad greens|
|communitygarden.org||Find a community garden near you.|
|Detroit Dirt||Movement for organic waste recovery and reuse|
|Edenworks||Indoor aquaponics farm in Brooklyn offering greens and fish|
|Freight Farms||Turning shipping containers into indoor farms|
|Gotham Greens||Urban greenhouse facilities offering greens and tomatoes|
|MIT Food Computer||Build a computer-controlled hydroponic system.|
|Plenty||Vertical farm offering a variety of greens|
|SproutsIO||Automated indoor growing system|
Eating bugs is gross, right? Tell that to the 2 billion people in 80% of countries on Earth who consume almost 2000 species of edible insects. Turns out North Americans and Europeans are the odd ones out here. Insects provide vastly more calories per square meter than traditional protein sources, and insect flours can be used in regular recipes if you don’t want to crunch down on exoskeletons.
The table below lists insect-based products that are available for purchase, either in stores/restaurants or online. The first table features companies producing products where insects are front and center, either whole or ground into flours.
|Name||Based in||Products available|
|Grilo Protein||🇦🇺 Australia||Roasted crickets, Protein powder, Bars|
|Zirp Insects||🇦🇹 Austria||Whole insects|
|Little Food||🇧🇪 Belgium||Whole insects, Protein powder|
|Entomo Farms||🇨🇦 Canada||Roasted crickets, Cricket powder, Snacks|
|uKa protéin||🇨🇦 Canada||Roasted crickets, Cricket flour|
|Enorm||🇩🇰 Denmark||Whole insects, Crackers, Bars|
|Wholi Food||🇩🇰 Denmark||Flours, Bars, Chocolates|
|Ïhou||🇫🇷 France||Whole crickets, Bars|
|Insectio||🇫🇷 France||Whole Insects, Insect vodka|
|Jimini's||🇫🇷 France||Whole insects|
|Kinjao||🇫🇷 France||Cricket flour, Bars|
|Minus Farm||🇫🇷 France||Whole insects, Snacks|
|The Bug Foundation||🇩🇪 Germany||Insect burger|
|Imago insect products||🇩🇪 Germany||Meal mixes, Flours, Bars|
|Wicked Cricket||🇩🇪 Germany||Whole insects|
|Tiny Foods||🇳🇱 Netherlands||Whole insects|
|Acheta||🇳🇴 Norway||Insect Flour|
|Future Food Lab||🇰🇷 South Korea||Whole insects, Powder, Snacks|
|Entomos||🇨🇭 Switzerland||Whole insects, Snacks|
|essento||🇨🇭 Switzerland||Insect burger, Whole insects, Snacks|
|Eat Grub||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Whole insects, Protein powder|
|Krick8||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Cricket Pasta, Whole crickets, Powder|
|Cricket Flours||🇺🇸 United States||Whole insects, Flours, Snacks|
|Don Bugito||🇺🇸 United States||Whole insects|
|Exo Protein||🇺🇸 United States||Whole Insects, Powder, Bars|
|Seek||🇺🇸 United States||Cricket flour, Granola, Bites|
These companies produce energy/protein bars, protein powders and other snacks. All of them feature insects as a minor to moderate component.
|Name||Based in||Products available|
|Bite Snacks||🇨🇦 Canada||Protein powder, Bars|
|Coast Protein||🇨🇦 Canada||Protein powder, Bars|
|Fit Cricket Nutrition||🇨🇦 Canada||Cricket Powder, Bars|
|Landish Foods||🇨🇦 Canada||Protein powder, Bars, Crackers|
|Näak||🇨🇦 Canada||Protein powder, Bars, Bites|
|Entis||🇫🇮 Finland||Snacks, Chocolates|
|Bug break||🇩🇪 Germany||Bars|
|Swarm Protein||🇩🇪 Germany||Bars|
|Eat:em||🇸🇪 Sweden||Bars, Crispbread|
|Crické||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Crackers|
|Hop Bar||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Bars|
|Nutribug||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Cricket Pasta, Protein powder, Bars|
|Sensbar||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Bars|
|Bugeater Foods||🇺🇸 United States||Insect pasta, Protein powder|
|Chirps||🇺🇸 United States||Insect chips, Powder, Cookie Mix|
|Sustainable Boost||🇺🇸 United States||Powders|
Clean meat, or cultured meat, is made from animal cells and involves no suffering or slaughter. Currently there are no clean meat products for sale, but they are much closer than you might think. Stay tuned to this page for updates in the next year or two. While you wait, try to get your hands on the Impossible Burger or the Beyond Burger, available in an increasing number of restaurants and stores.
The table below shows the status of companies offering clean meat or clean fish products. Also consult the New Protein Landscape for a more comprehensive look at the broader ecosystem of players.
|Company||Based in||Products Available||Where to Find Them|
|Appleton Meats||🇨🇦 Canada||Clean Meat||No products available|
|Aleph||🇮🇱 Israel||Clean Meat||No products available|
|Biofood Systems||🇮🇱 Israel||Clean Meat||No products available|
|Future Meat Technologies||🇮🇱 Israel||Clean meat||No products available|
|SuperMeat||🇮🇱 Israel||Clean meat||No products available|
|Meatable||🇳🇱 Netherlands||Clean meat||No products available|
|Mosa Meat||🇳🇱 Netherlands||Clean meat||No products available|
|Shiok Meats||🇸🇬 Singapore||Clean meat||No products available|
|Higher Steaks||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||Clean Meat||No products available|
|BlueNalu||🇺🇸 United States||Clean seafood||No products available|
|Bond Pet Foods||🇺🇸 United States||Pet food||No products available|
|Finless Foods||🇺🇸 United States||Clean seafood||No products available|
|Fork&Goode||🇺🇸 United States||Clean Meat||No products available|
|JUST||🇺🇸 United States||Meat, Egg, Mayo, Dressings, Cookie Dough||Mayo, Dressing and Cookie Dough in grocery stores|
|Kiran||🇺🇸 United States||Clean Meat||No products available|
|Mission Barns||🇺🇸 United States||Clean Meat||No products available|
|New Age Meats||🇺🇸 United States||Clean Meat||No products available|
|Perfect Day Foods||🇺🇸 United States||Cow-less dairy||No products available|
|Memphis Meats||🇺🇸 United States||Clean meat||No products available|